Reply To: Federalist Assurances at Ratification


James Wilson said so in his speech at the Philadelphia Statehouse a couple of weeks after the Philadelphia Convention. James Madison, George Nicholas, and Governor Edmund Randolph repeatedly said so in Virginia, as I detail in JAMES MADISON AND THE MAKING OF AMERICA and VIRGINIA’S AMERICAN REVOLUTION. Hamilton said so in THE FEDERALIST. Cushing said so in an unpublished editorial in Massachusetts. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney said so in a public address in South Carolina. James Iredell said so in North Carolina. I could go on, but the point is that Dr. McClanahan is right, and the evidence is overwhelming. In fact, I’d argue that this was the Federalists’ chief claim.