The History of Conservatism and Libertarianism
[Many of the works on this list are available through Liberty Fund’s Online Library of Liberty or the Ludwig von Mises Institute. Where applicable, hyperlinks have been included to these titles instead of publication information.]
Acton, Lord Henry. Essays on Freedom and Power.
Adams, Henry. The Education of Henry Adams. (1918)
Addison, Joseph. Cato, a Tragedy. (1713)
Agar, Herbert and Tate, Allen. Who Owns America?: A New Declaration of Independence.
Wilmington: ISI Books, 1999.
Babbitt, Irving. Democracy and Leadership. Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1924.
________. Literature and the American College: Essays in Defense of the Humanities.
Washington, D.C.: National Humanities Institute, 1986.
________. Rousseau and Romanticism. Cleveland: World Publishing Company, 1955.
Bahnsen, Greg. Theonomy in Christian Ethics. Third Edition. Nacogdoches, TX: Covenant
Media Foundation, 2002.
Bastiat, Frederic. The Bastiat Collection.
Belloc, Hilaire. The Crisis of Civilization. New York: Fordham University Press, 1937.
Bentham, Jeremy. An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation. (1823)
Birzer, Bradley J. Sanctifying the World: The Augustinian Life and Mind of Christopher Dawson.
Front Royal, VA: Christendom Press, 2007.
Bloom, Allan. The Closing of the American Mind: How Higher Education Has Failed
Democracy and Impoverished the Souls of Today’s Students. New York: Simon &
Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen. Capital and Interest. Three Volumes. South Holland, IL: Libertarian
Bradford, M.E. A Better Guide Than Reason: Federalists and Anti-Federalists. New Brunswick,
NJ: Transaction, 1994.
________. The Reactionary Imperative: Essays Literary and Political. Open Court, 1999.
Brimelow, Peter. Alien Nation: Common Sense about America’s Immigration Disaster. New
York: Harper Perennial, 1996.
Buchanan, Patrick. Churchill, Hitler, and the Unnecessary War: How Britain Lost Its
Empire and the West Lost the World. New York: Crown, 2008.
________. The Death of the West: How Dying Populations and Immigrant Invasions Imperil
Our Country and Civilization. New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2002.
________. Right from the Beginning. Boston: Little, Brown, 1988.
________. State of Emergency: The Third World Invasion and Conquest of America. New York:
Thomas Dunne Books, 2006.
Buckley, William F. God and Man at Yale: The Superstitions of “Academic Freedom.”
50th Anniversary Edition. Washington: Regnery, 2002.
________. McCarthy and His Enemies. Chicago: Regnery, 1954.
________. Up from Liberalism. New York: McDowell, Obolensky, 1959.
Burke, Edmund. Reflections on the Revolution in France. (1790)
________. A Vindication of Natural Society. (1756)
Burnham, James. The Managerial Revolution. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1960.
________. Suicide of the West. Jackson, TN: Encounter Books, 2014.
Calhoun, John C. Disquisition on Government. (1849)
Cantillon, Richard. Essay on the Nature of Trade in General.
Chambers, Whittaker. Witness. 50th Anniversary Edition. Washington, D.C.: Regnery, 2002.
Chesterton, G.K. The Everlasting Man. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1925.
________. The Napoleon of Notting Hill and the Man Who Was Thursday. Hendrickson, 2011.
Chilton, David. Productive Christians in an Age of Guilt Manipulators. Tyler, TX: Institute for
Christian Economics, 1985.
Chodorov, Frank. Income Tax: Root of All Evil. (1954)
________. One Is a Crowd.
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. The Complete Poems. New York: Penguin Classics, 1997.
________. On the Constitution of the Church and the State According to the Idea of Each.
Crunden, Robert M., ed. The Superfluous Men: Conservative Critics of American Culture,
1900-1945. Second Edition. Wilmington: ISI Books, 1999.
Dawson, Christopher. The Age of the Gods: A Study in the Origins of Culture in Prehistoric
Europe and the Ancient East. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of the Americas,
________. Christianity and European Culture: Selections from the Work of Christopher
Dawson. Edited by Gerald Russello. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America
________. The Crisis of Western Education. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1961.
Disraeli, Benjamin. Benjamin Disraeli Novels, Volume One. Benediction Classics, 2015.
Doherty, Brian. Ron Paul’s rEVOLution: The Man and the Movement He Inspired. New York:
Broadside Books, 2012.
Eliot, T.S. Christianity and Culture. Mariner Books, 1977.
________. Collected Poems, 1909-1962. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1991.
Evans, M. Stanton. Blacklisted by History: The Untold Story of Senator Joe McCarthy. New
York: Three Rivers Press, 2007.
Fleming, Thomas. The Morality of Everyday Life: Rediscovering an Ancient Alternative to the
Liberal Tradition. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2004.
________. The Politics of Human Nature. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1988.
Francis, Samuel. Beautiful Losers: Essays on the Failure of American Conservatism. Columbia:
University of Missouri Press, 1993.
Friedman, Milton. Capitalism and Freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.
Frohnen, Bruce, ed. American Conservatism: An Encyclopedia. Wilmington: ISI Books, 2006.
Gilder, George. Wealth and Poverty. Chicago: Regnery, 1981.
Goldwater, Barry. The Conscience of a Conservative. Shepherdsville, KY: Victor Publishing,
Gottfried, Paul. After Liberalism: Mass Democracy in the Managerial State. Princeton: Princeton
University Press, 1999.
________. Conservatism in America: Making Sense of the American Right. New York:
Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
________. Leo Strauss and the Conservative Movement in America. New York: Cambridge
University Press, 2012.
Hamilton, Alexander, et al. The Federalist. (1787)
Harper, F.A. Liberty: A Path to Its Recovery. (1949)
Hart, Jeffrey. The Making of the American Conservative Mind: National Review and Its Times.
Wilmington: ISI Books, 2005.
Hayek, Friedrich A. The Constitution of Liberty. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960.
________. The Road to Serfdom. (1944)
Hazlitt, Henry. Economics in One Lesson. (1946)
Hülsmann, Jörg Guido. Mises: The Last Knight of Liberalism. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises
Hume, David. Essays Moral, Political, Literary. (1741-1742)
Jaffa, Harry. Crisis of the House Divided: An Interpretation of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates.
50th Anniversary Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.
Kendall, Willmoore. The Conservative Affirmation. Chicago: Regnery, 1963.
Kinsella, N. Stephan. Against Intellectual Property. (2010)
Kirk, Russell. Ancestral Shadows: An Anthology of Ghostly Tales. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans,
________. The Conservative Mind: From Burke to Eliot. Seventh Revised Edition.
Washington, D.C.: Regnery, 1985.
________. The Essential Russell Kirk: Selected Essays. Edited by George Panichas. Wilmington:
ISI Books, 2007.
________. John Randolph of Roanoke. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1951.
________. Rights and Duties: Reflections on Our Conservative Constitution. Dallas: Spence
________. Roots of American Order. Wilmington: ISI Books, 2003.
Kristol, Irving. Neoconservatism: The Autobiography of an Idea. New York: Free Press, 1995.
Kuehnelt-Leddihn, Erik von. Liberty or Equality: The Challenge of Our Time. Auburn, AL:
Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2014.
Lambert, Byron C., ed. The Essential Paul Elmore More: A Selection of His Writings. New
Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1972.
Lane, Rose Wilder. The Discovery of Freedom. (1943)
________. Give Me Liberty. (1936)
Lewis, C.S. The Complete C.S. Lewis Signature Classics. New York: HarperCollins, 2009.
Locke, John. A Letter Concerning Toleration. (1689)
________. Two Treatises of Civil Government. (1689)
McDonald, W. Wesley. Russell Kirk and the Age of Ideology. Columbia: University of Missouri,
McVicar, Michael. Christian Reconstruction: R.J. Rushdoony and American Religious
Conservatism. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2015.
Menger, Carl. Principles of Economics. Grove City, PA: Libertarian Press, 1994.
Meyer, Frank. In Defense of Freedom: A Conservative Credo. Chicago: Regnery, 1962.
________. The Moulding of Communists: The Training of the Communist Cadre. New York:
Harcourt, Brace, 1961.
Mill, John Stuart. On Liberty. (1869)
________. Utilitarianism. (1863)
Mises, Ludwig von. Human Action. (1949)
________. Liberalism: In the Classical Tradition. (1927)
________. Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis. (1922)
________. Theory and History: An Interpretation of Social and Economic Evolution. (1957)
________. The Theory of Money and Credit. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1981.
More, Paul Elmer. The Sceptical Approach to Religion. Princeton: Princeton University Press,
Morley, Felix. The Power in the People. Los Angeles: Nash Publishing, 1972.
Nash, George. The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America Since 1945. 30th anniversary
edition. Wilmington: ISI Books, 2006.
Neuhaus, Richard John. American Babylon : Notes of a Christian Exile. New York: Basic Books,
________. The Naked Public Square: Religion and Democracy in America. Second Edition.
Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986.
Nisbet, Robert. The Quest for Community. New York: Oxford University Press, 1953.
________. Twilight of Authority. New York: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Nock, Albert Jay. Memoirs of a Superfluous Man. (1943)
________. Our Enemy, the State. (1935)
________. The Theory of Education in the United States. (1931)
Novak, Michael. Business as a Calling: Work and the Examined Life. New York: Free Press,
Paterson, Isabel. The God of the Machine. (1943)
Paul, Ron. End the Fed. New York: Grand Central Publishing, 2009.
________. The Revolution: A Manifesto. New York: Grand Central Publishing, 2008.
Podhoretz, Norman. Making It. New York: HarperCollins, 1980.
Raico, Ralph. Classical Liberalism and the Austrian School.
________. The Place of Religion in the Liberal Philosophy of Constant, Tocqueville, and Lord
Raimondo, Justin. An Enemy of the State: The Life of Murray N. Rothbard. Amherst, NY:
Prometheus Books, 2000.
________. Reclaiming the American Right: The Lost Legacy of the Conservative Movement.
Wilmington: ISI Books, 2008.
Rand, Ayn. Atlas Shrugged. New York: Penguin, 1957.
________. The Fountainhead. New York: Penguin, 1943.
________. The Virtue of Selfishness. New York: Penguin, 1961.
Read, Leonard. “I, Pencil.” (1958)
Ricardo, David. On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. (1817)
Rink, Jason. Ron Paul: Father of the Tea Party. Variant Press, 2011.
Rockwell, Lew. Speaking of Liberty. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2003.
Rothbard, Murray N. The Betrayal of the American Right. (1971)
________. Conceived in Liberty. Volumes I – IV. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises
________. The Ethics of Liberty. New York: New York University Press, 1998.
________. For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto. (1972)
________. Man, Economy, and State with Power and Market. (2005)
Rushdoony, R.J. The Institutes of Biblical Law. Phillipsburg, PA: Presbyterian and Reformed
________. The Messianic Character of American Education. Vallecito, CA: Ross House
Schaeffer, Francis. How Should We Then Live? Wheaton: Crossway, 2005.
Schneider, Gregory L., ed. Conservatism in America Since 1930. New York: New York
University Press, 2003.
Scotchie, Joseph, ed. The Paleoconservatives: New Voices of the Old Right. New Brunswick, NJ:
Scotchie, Joseph. Revolt from the Heartland: The Struggle for an Authentic Conservatism. New
Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2002.
Scott, Walter. Ivanhoe. New York: Penguin Classics, 2000.
Sidney, Algernon. Discourses Concerning Government. (1698)
Smith, Adam. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. (1759)
________. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. (1776)
Stephens, Alexander. A Constitutional View of the Late War Between the States. (1868)
Sumner, William Graham. The Forgotten Man and Other Essays.
________. What Social Classes Owe Each Other. (1883)
Tate, Adam. Conservatism and Southern Intellectuals, 1789-1861: Liberty, Tradition, and the
Good Society. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2005.
Taylor, John. Arator: Bring a Series of Agricultural Essays, Practical and Political.
Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1977.
________. Construction Construed, and Constitutions Vindicated.
________. Tyranny Unmasked. (1822)
Thompson, C. Bradley. Neoconservatism: An Obituary for an Idea. Boulder: Paradigm, 2010.
Tolkien, J.R.R. The Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings. Del Rey, 2012.
Trenchard, John and Gordon, Thomas. Cato’s Letters. (1720-1723)
Trilling, Lionel. The Liberal Imagination: Essays on Literature and Society. New York:
Twelve Southerners. I’ll Take My Stand: The South and the Agrarian Tradition. Baton Rouge:
Louisiana State University Press, 1930.
Viereck, Peter. Conservatism Revisited: The Revolt Against Ideology. Transaction, 2005. New
Brunswock, NJ: Transaction, 2005.
Voltaire. Philosophical Letters. (1733)
Wanniski, Jude. The Way the World Works. Gateway, 1998.
Weaver, Richard. Ideas Have Consequences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1948.
________. In Defense of Tradition: Collected Shorter Writings of Richard M. Weaver,
1929-1963. Edited by Ted J. Smith, III. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2000.
________, The Southern Essays of Richard M. Weaver. Edited by George M. Curtis, III, and
James J. Thompson, Jr. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1987.
________. The Southern Tradition at Bay: A History of Postbellum Thought. Washington,
D.C.: Regnery Gateway, 1989.
Weinstein, Allen. Perjury: The Hiss-Chambers Case. Third Edition. Stanford: Hoover Institution
Wilson, Clyde N., ed. Chronicles of the South. Volumes I – II. Rockford, IL: Chronicles Press,
________. A Defender of Southern Conservatism: M.E. Bradford and His Achievements.
Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1999.
Wilson, Clyde N. From Union to Empire: Essays in the Jeffersonian Tradition. Columbia, SC:
Foundation for American Education, 2003.
Wordsworth, William. The Collected Poems of William Wordsworth. Ware, Hertfordshire:
Wordsworth Editions Ltd, 1998.