There is no strong correlation between the endowment of natural resources in a country and the standard of living people enjoy. America, Canada, Russia, China, and Africa are all well endowed with natural resources but have widely divergent standards of living. China, with the same natural resources, had very low standards of living before 1980 and steady rising standards of living since 1980. Hong Kong and Singapore have no natural resources to speak of and yet very high standards of living.
The key to economic progress is giving legal sanction to private property and contract. Then people can enter into the international division of labor and process of capital accumulation. They can be the beneficiaries of the greater productivity of everyone else in the world by selling to them and buying from them.
Thus, in countries with low standards of living like in the Middle East, which have few natural resources, and in Africa, which have many natural resources, need market reform. With private property and contract protected, people there could enter into the international division of labor and process of capital accumulation. Five hundred million people have been lifted out of poverty in China in the last three decades.